Lara Hofner: Editorial
Geschichten der Philosophie in globaler Perspektive
Herausgeber:innen des Thementeils: Anke Graneß und Rolf Elberfeld
Anke Graness & Rolf Elberfeld
The act of historicizing has long been part of the practice of philosophizing. In the 17th century, European philosophy began to reflect on the historiographies of philosophy that had existed in the past. Since that time, attempts to write histories of the historiography of philosophy can be found until the recent past. It is only in more recent times that the perspective for writing histories of philosophy has been broadened globally, so that the history of writing histories of philosophy must also be researched in a new perspective. The text presents some results in this field of research that have been obtained in the Koselleck project »Histories of Philosophy in a Global Perspective« in the last two years.
This article proposes an overview of the work »Storia delle storie generali della filosofia« (»History of the General Histories of Philosophy«; 1979–2004; 5 vol.) from the point of view of a philosophical historiography in a global perspective. The article consists of two parts. First of all, I will display the structure of the work in its five volumes introducing briefly the sections and chapters in which it is organized. In second place, I will examine the delimitation of its research field to the Eurocentric canon through methodological considerations regarding the focus of specific linguistic-geopolitical areas.
As a newly developed field, the history of Chinese-language historiography of philosophy takes a higher priority in the studies of the history of Chinese philosophy since the 20th century. The relevant works before the 20th century, which were mainly written in ancient Chinese, are highly marginalized. The historiography of philosophy in a global perspective acknowledges the importance of different articulations and frameworks of what is called philosophy and history of philosophy, thus providing essential theoretical support for the reconstruction of the ancient Chinese historiography of philosophy. Based on this framework, my article is devoted to the overview of ancient Chinese historiography of philosophy, to show its basic features in approaches, methods, and styles.
Was there a historiography of philosophy in Korea – and if yes, since when? In retrospective, one can identify a historical self-consciousness starting as early as in 8th Century and which has produced (self-)descriptions in history of ideas in wide range. Korea conceptualizes itself – under constantly changing political-philosophical hegemonial conditions – taking various position in relation to other discursive centers as India (Buddhism) and China (Confucianism), but also the »West« since the dawn of globalization. The political turbulences in the 20th Century, especially the occupation by Japan and the division into Northand South-Korea, have left deep traces in the historiography of philosophy. This paper attempts to give a compact illustration of types of historical subjectivity in Korea from its beginning to the present.
This article gives a short overview of so called »world histories« of philosophy and thought in Japanese from the beginning of the 20th century until today. Being a first step towards a more comprehensive history of intellectual and philosophical historiography in Japan, it is also an attempt to break with the current eurocentrism in the historiography of philosophy and open it up to a global, more pluralized perspective. Both the first monograph from 1902 and the newest multivolume publication from 2020 are analyzed in some detail, while the development in between them is only recounted in broad strokes. Japanese conceptions of a »world history« of philosophy and thought are shown to be generally dominated by a distinction between »East« and »West« and the effort to assign a specific place in this scheme to Japan. While only some of the publications in this area seriously question the simplistic East-West-divide, the frequent inclusion of non-European (mostly Asian) philosophical traditions into accounts of the »modern« and »contemporary« era still emerges as a positive feature of a global historiography in Japan. Although Europe and Asia clearly take the center stage in almost all of the discussed works, the newest publication can be seen as a cautious opening towards the Global South and other hitherto marginalized regions and traditions.
Before the nineteenth century, philosophical works by women are scarcely documented, if at all, almost everywhere in the world. However, this fact has so far caused little concern to the vast majority of authors of the most diverse narratives of histories of philosophy worldwide. Due to a predominantly masculine perspective in the discipline, the exclusion of women from the canon of the history of philosophy continues to be repeated to this day. This tendency also affects the endeavours since the 1980s to reconstruct and document non-European philosophical traditions as well as to integrate them into a global discourse. A contemporary revision of the canon of the history of philosophy, however, cannot take place solely from an intercultural or global perspective; it must also address and correct patriarchal structures of exclusion - in all regions of the world. The paper discusses the specific challenges of reconstructing the history of women philosophers outside of Europe.
This essay introduces the rise and implementations of »diversity« issues in the field of philosophy in the United States. Diversity agendas promote better representations of the marginalized groups, usually in terms of race, gender, sexual orientation, class, religion, and other backgrounds, as well as including hitherto underrepresented or excluded material (such as non-European thought) to be taught in the curricula of philosophy. Since the late 1990s, the universities across the U. S. have promoted academic diversity in both the curricula as well as the university population (students, administration, and the faculty). In the field of philosophy, its largest professional association, the American Philosophical Association, has been actively involved in developing as well as implementing various diversity agendas. The origins and the first attempts of the diversity agendas are reviewed, as well as the current status of diversity in philosophy today. In the past 20 years, the field of philosophy has improved especially in terms of including non-European philosophies and approaches in the philosophy of race.
How a philosophical global history can be constituted is a question that has not yet found a concrete and generally accepted answer. If one compares the approaches of global histories of philosophy that have appeared so far, it becomes clear that some of them differ greatly from one another in their approaches and in the topics they deal with. Various global histories of philosophy are analyzed in the following article by comparing the content of selected publications in order to find out which cultures, systems of thought, and traditions are favoured in these writings and which focal points can be found in a comparative approach. Eight works that can be described as global histories of philosophy stand in focus of this review.